Daylily (characteristics)


The daylily is a perennial thatís easy to grow. The plant is of Asian origin en grows in almost every kind of soil. Daylilies are in the family of plants known as monocotyledons, which means that by the germination the plant has just one seed-leaf. The roots are fat and fleshy. At the top of the roots thereís a crown from which the fans develop. Within these fans the flower stalk grows up. The flowers of the daylily are  firm and rain and wind donít give them any trouble.


The way daylilies hibernate divides the plant in three groups:

          Dormant (Dor)

The daylily stops all vegetative growth, sets                    CALICO JACK                        resting buds in the crown,                                                           and loses its leaves for the winter.

          Evergreen (Evr)

The daylily has leaves that remain green throughout the year, unless frozen severly. Evergreen daylilies do not set resting buds

          Semi-evergreen (Sev)

Intermediate foliage behavior that is not adequately described as simply dormant or evergreen.

The most important part of the daylily are of course the flowers. There are small flowers with a width of 3Ē and huge flowers with a width of 12Ē or more.

The name daylily shows already the flowering of only one day. But because of the enormous amount of flowers the plant blooms for weeks. Moreover there are daylilies that bloom very early and others that bloom very late. There are also a lot af daylilies that rebloom (Re). The bloom seasons are categorized in rather loosely defined periods.

          EE   Extra Early

          E     Early

          EM   Early to mid season

          M     Mid season

          MLa Midseason to the beginning of the late season

          La    Late season

Thereís still one specific part of the plant that has to be said here. Daylilies are diploid (Dip) or Tetraploid (Tet) plants. A diploid daylily has 22 chromosomes en tetraploid daylilies have 44 chromosomes. Itís important to know which one you have when you intend to make crossings, because thatís not possible between diploids and tetraploids.

This is just a part of the things to say about the daylily characteristics. For more details you can look on specialized websites you can find by the button -links-.

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